Friday 22nd September 2017,
Aceh Birder

The Sumatran Birds

BirderAceh May 6, 2015 No Comments on The Sumatran Birds
The Sumatran Birds

Endemic (native) birds in Sumatra Island – Indonesia

 

The Sumatran Trogon is a species of bird in the Trogonidae family. It was formerly considered conspecific with the Javan trogon under the common name blue-tailed trogon. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

 

The Sumatran laughingthrush (Garrulax bicolor), also known as the black-and-white laughingthrush, is a member of the Leiothrichidae family. It is endemic to highland forest on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where it is threatened by habitat loss and capture for the wildlife trade. Garrulax bicolor was originally distributed along the length of the montane spine of Sumatra, Indonesia, from Aceh in the north to Lampung in the south (van Marle and Voous 1988), and was reportedly common. Recent evidence suggests that it has undergone a considerable decline. It is known to be present at a small number of sites scattered across Sumatra. One of the rare Laughingthrush in the world.

 

Orange-spotted Bulbul Pycnonotus bimaculatus snouckaerti, it is endemic of North Sumatra.

‘Aceh Bulbul’ or Orange-spotted Bulbul (Pycnonotus bimaculatus snouckaerti), it is endemic of North Sumatra. Turdus bimaculatus Horsfield, 1821, Java. Genus as currently constituted probably polyphyletic; in-depth analysis of morphology, voice, behaviour and genetics required to redefine its limits. This species may merit separation at genus level. As the type material originates from C (not E) Java, the name barat is a junior synonym of the nominate; the name tenggerensis must therefore be restored for the E Java race. Three subspecies recognized.

 

Sumatran WoodpeckerS_01

Sumatran Woodpecker (Picus dedemi). P. dedemi is endemic to Sumatra, Indonesia, where it occurs in forest and woodland habitats in montane areas (Winkler et al. 1995, del Hoyo et al. 2002). This newly-split species is listed as Near Threatened on the basis that it is suspected to be in moderately rapid population decline (approaching 30% over three generations [c.17 years]) owing to on-going habitat loss and degradation. The rate of decline is not thought to be more rapid because the species shows some tolerance of habitat modification and fragmentation, and occurs in montane areas, thus it is not exposed to the most rapid rates of deforestation in the region.

 

Sumatran Whistling Thrush (Myophonus melanurus)

The Shiny Whistling Thrush (Myophonus melanurus) is a species of bird in the Muscicapidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Species endemic to Sumatra.

 

The spot-necked bulbul (Pycnonotus tympanistrigus) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family. It is found in Sumatra. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

 

The Sumatran Green Pigeon is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs in Sumatra and western Java

The Sumatran green pigeon (Treron oxyurus) is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs in Sumatra and western Java. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

 

Sumatran Blue-masked Leafbird

The Blue-masked Leafbird is a species of bird in the Chloropseidae family. It is endemic to humid montane forest on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is the smallest species of leafbird. It is considered near threatened due to habitat loss

 

Sumatran Patridge_01

Tan-breasted Partridge or Roll’s Hill Partridge (Arborophila rolli) is species endemic to northwest Sumatra. Split from Grey-breasted Partridge Arborophila orientalis and Sumatran Hill Partridge. This species is restricted to mountainous areas in northern and central Sumatra, Indonesia.

 

Pitta

Schneider’s Pitta (Pitta schneideri) – Juvenile. This enigmatic ground-dweller is classified as Vulnerable because it is precautionarily judged to have a small population, which is likely to be declining as a result of on-going habitat loss and degradation. Pitta schneideri is endemic to the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, where its known range spans a large part of the Barisan range (from Gunung Sibayak, North Sumatra, to Gunung Dempu, South Sumatra) (BirdLife International 2001).

 

The Rusty-breasted Wren-babbler (Napothera rufipectus) is a species of bird in the Pellorneidae family. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

The rusty-breasted wren-babbler (Napothera rufipectus) is a species of bird in the Pellorneidae family. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

 

The Sumatran babbler (Pellorneum buettikoferi)

The Sumatran babbler (Pellorneum buettikoferi). It is endemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. It previously was considered a subspecies of the buff-breasted babbler.

 

"Sumatran" Silver-eared Mesia (Leiothrix argentauris rookmakeri) Highlands of nw Sumatra (Aceh District) the rarest Mesia. see: avibase.bsc-eoc.org

“Sumatran” Silver-eared Mesia (Leiothrix argentauris rookmakeri) Highlands of nw Sumatra (Aceh District) the rarest Mesia. The species is sometimes placed in its own genus Mesia, or in the genus Leiothrix with the red-billed leiothrix. There are seven described subspecies, with considerable variation in plumage between them. M argentauris rookmakeri (Junge, 1948) – Northern Sumatra.

Sumatran Drongo

The Sumatran drongo (Dicrurus sumatranus) is a species of bird in the Dicruridae family. It is endemic to Sumatra in Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Dicrurus sumatranus is restricted to Sumatra (with race viridinitens on the Mentawai Islands), Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). It is fairly widespread, and has been described as a relatively common member of mixed species foraging parties in mid-elevation forests.

 

Sumatran Treepie (Dendrocitta occipitalis)

Sumatran Treepie (Dendrocitta occipitalis). The Sumatran treepie or Sunda treepie (Dendrocitta occipitalis) is a species of bird in the Corvidae family. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

 

Sumatran Chestnut-winged Whistling Thrush (Myophonus castaneus)

Sumatran Chestnut-winged Whistling Thrush (Myophonus castaneus). Myophonus castaneus is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia where it occurs in the foothills and mountains. It was recently split from Bornean Whistling-thrush M. glaucinus and Javan Whistling-thrush M. borneensis, formerly all lumped under Sunda Whistling-thrush M. glaucinus. The two other species are the only Myophonus endemic to their respective islands and are both widespread. M. castaneus, however, is scarce on Sumatra, apparently occupying a narrower niche, possibly owing to competition with Shiny Whistling-thrush M. melanurus. It is thought to be declining owing to habitat loss, as deforestation is widespread and continuing on Sumatra. This species is scarce within mid-altitude forest, a habitat that is declining in extent and quality within the species’s range.

 

The cream-striped bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogrammicus) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family. It is endemic to Sumatra Indonesia. the species is described as fairly common in mid-elevation forests, although generally uncommon in north Sumatra (del Hoyo et al. 2005). Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

 

Sumatran Frogmouth_01

Sumatran Frogmouth (Batrachostomus poliolophus) is endemic to Sumatra, Indonesia, where it is known from a small number of records from the Barisan range, but is presumably greatly under-recorded because it is nocturnal (BirdLife International 2001)






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