Sumatran endemic; Aceh Bulbul (Orange Spoted Bulbul), Schneider’s Pitta, Sumatran Laughingthrush, Sumatran Woodpecker, Roll’s Partridge, Red-billed Hill-partridge, Hoogerwerf’s Pheasant, Bronze-tailed Peacock-Pheasant, Rajah Scops Owl, Short-tailed Frogmouth, Salvadori’s Nightjar, Graceful Pitta, Sumatran Green Pigeon, Sumatran Trogon, Sumatran Babbler, Sumatran Drongo, Sumatran Treepie, Sumatran Leafbird, Cream-striped Bulbul, Spot-necked Bulbul, Rusty-breasted Wren-Babbler, Sumatran Wren-Babbler, Shiny Whistling Thrush, Brown-winged Whistling Thrush, Blue-masked Leafbird. ( Photo of Sumatran Birds viewable here )
Endangered species; Storm Stork, White-winged Wood Duck, Masked Finfoot, Helmeted Hornbill, Milky Stork
Asian Golden Cat, Sumatran Orangutan, Thomas Leafmonkey, Black Gibbon, Lar Gibbon, Sun Bear, Sumatran Tiger, Sunda Clouded Leopard, Sumatran Elephant, Sumatran rhinoceros
The Leuser Ecosystem rainforest is as the best forest for sumatran birds. The Leuser Ecosystem and Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP) is one of the richest tropical rainforest in Southeast Asia. The Leuser Ecosystem are covering more than 2.6 million hectares and including the 1.094.692 ha of Gunung Leuser National Park. The bigger part is located in Aceh Province (2,255,577 hectares) and the rest in North Sumatra Province (384,297 hectares). The Mount Leuser National Park (TNGL) has been recognised as a “World Heritage Site” by UNESCO. The park area starts at an altitude of 0m in Kluet and the highest point in this area is peak of Gunung Leuser reaches up to 3450 m, and also the second highest point in Sumatra. More than 400 species of birds recorded with majority Sumatran endemic, such as Hoogerwerf’s Pheasant, Roll’s Partridge, Red-billed Hill-partridge, Bronze-tailed Peacock-Pheasant, Sumatran Green Pigeon, Rajah Scops Owl, Short-tailed Frogmouth, Sumatran Laughingthrush and also Schneider’s Pitta as a new record was discovered in 2013. The Kluet swamp as part of this area as important for White-winged Wood Duck, Storm Stork and Masked Finfoot. However in Leuser Ecosystem is poorly discover by birder.
The Top highlights in Northern Sumatra is Aceh Bulbul (Orange Spoted Bulbul, Sumatran endemic subspecies snouckaerti race, Aceh) and ‘Sumatran’ Silver-eared Mesia (Sumatran endemic subspecies rookmakeri race, Highlands of northern Sumatra). Others highlight is Sumatran Laughingthrush as one of the rare Laughingthrush in the world!!! ….Vulnurable(IUCN redlist). It is endemic to highland forest on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where it is threatened by habitat loss and capture for the wildlife trade.
The Leuser Ecosystem Rainforest in Aceh Province, Sumatra has all species of Sumatran birds except Sumatran Cochoa and Sumatran Ground Cuckoo. Aceh is a new birding spot in Sumatra. The Leuser Ecosystem in Aceh as a remote area in Sumatra with biggest forest. Not so many birders come to Aceh. Aceh Birder say it is a new paradise for Sumatran bird endemics.
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