Birding to endemic birds of Sumatra in the unique eco-system of G. Leuser NP (7D/6N)
Gunung Leuser National Park is a national park covering 7,927 km² in northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The Gunung Leuser National Park is one of the richest tropical rainforests in Southeast Asia and straddling the border of North Sumatra and Aceh provinces it is one of the last places on earth. This region is also a host of other wildlife. Elephants, rhinos, tigers, leopard cats, siamangs, Thomas leaf monkeys, macaques, gibbons are just a handful of the thousands of species found in this unique eco-system.
The park area reaches up to 3,404m to the peak of Gunung Leuser which gave the area its name and protects a wide range of eco-systems. There are river systems, volcanoes and lakes. This rainforest is immensely biodiverse, hosting approximately 700 different species of animals – more than 175 mammals, 320 birds, 190 reptiles and amphibians. Because of the great differences in altitude and the diversity in soil, the Gunung Leuser National Park has also an enormous wealth of plant species.
The highest point in this area is peak of Gunung Leuser, and also the second highest point in Sumatra. Beside that, there are some areas that have elevation above 3000 m . Lembah Alas, with the highest point of Gunung Bendahara (2997 m), is also part of this area.Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre in Bahorok-Bukit Lawang (North Sumatra) is visited by many tourists. Research station in Ketambe and National Park Head office located near Kutacane. Other popular activities are birdwathing and rafting in Alas River from Ketambe to Singkil (Griffiths 1992, Rijksen & Griffiths 1995).
The area is very much under explored from a birdwatching perspective. Several sites are known to be of interest, but really anywhere could be explored. It’s still many attractive locations for birding in GLNP including Eco-system of Leuser as incredible birding spot. There is the beach, swamp, lowland, mountain and alpine ecosystems of the Leuser Ecosystem. We can do birding with a different experience from other areas of Sumatra Island. Actually, it’s a collection of various nature reserves and forests: Nature Reserve Mount Leuser, Nature Reserve Kappi, Nature Reserve Kluet, Sikundur Langkat Wildlife Reserve, Ketambe Research Station, Singkil Barat and Dolok Sembilin. Most parts of the national park lie in the region Aceh Tenggara (SE Aceh). Other parts are situated in the region east Aceh, south Aceh, and Langkat.
In Gunung Leuser Rainforest Sumatra will also give us the opportunity to see a wide variety of Indo-Malayan species like Hornbills including Helmeted and Rhinoceros, broadbills including Black-and-red, Black-and-yellow, Green and Long-tailed, barbets including Fire-tufted, trogons including the endemic Sumatran as well as Diard’s, Red-headed, Red-naped and Scarlet-rumped, kingfishers including Banded and Rufous-collared, (Malaysian) Banded (irena), and the endemic Graceful and Schneider’s Pittas, leafbirds including the endemic Blue-masked, Asian Fairy Bluebird, sunbirds including Temminck’s, Blue Nuthatch, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Common Green Magpie, Whiskered Treeswift and more of the 25 or so endemics which occur on the mainland (several endemics occur on offshore islands) including Salvadori’s Pheasant, Sumatran Ground Cuckoo, Sumatran (Pale-headed) Frogmouth, Sumatran (Collared) Owlet and Sumatran Cochoa, and near-endemics such as White-winged Duck, Marbled Wren Babbler, Sunda Blue Robin, Sunda Forktail, and Bonaparte’s and Salvadori’s Nightjars, as well as Red Junglefowl, Oriental Darter, Brahminy Kite, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Black and Rufous-bellied Eagles, Black-thighed Falconet, green pigeons, Blue-rumped Parrot, Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot, malkohas, Oriental Bay Owl, Reddish Scops Owl, Barred Eagle Owl, Large Frogmouth, Malaysian Eared Nightjar, Giant (Waterfall) Swiftlet, Grey-rumped Treeswift, woodpeckers, minivets, Green Iora, bulbuls, Greater Racket-tailed and Lesser Racket-tailed Drongos, Black-and-crimson Oriole, Crested Jay, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, many babblers including Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler, White-browed Shrike Babbler and Long-tailed Sibia, Lesser and White-browed Shortwings, White-rumped Shama, tailorbirds, flycatchers, fantails, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Long-tailed Shrike, Hill Myna, spiderhunters and flowerpeckers. Also a chance of Great Argus, Sumatran Peacock Pheasant, Crested Fireback, Storm’s Stork, Rail Babbler, Dusky Woodcock, and Gould’s and Sunda Frogmouths.
Some Photos Sumatran endemic bird in Gunung Leuser National Park and the Leuser Eco-system:
1. Sumatran Treepie Dendrocitta occipitalis
2. Sumatran Trogon Harpactes mackloti
3. Chestnut-winged Whistling Thrush Myophonus castaneus
4. Sumatran Drongo Dicrurus sumatranus
5. Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor
6. Shiny Whistling Thrush Myophonus melanurus
7. Blue-masked Leafbird Chloropsis venusta
8. Cream-striped Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogrammicus
9. Spot-necked Bulbul Pycnonotus tympanistrigus
10. Sumatran Frogmouth Batrachostomus poliolophus
11. Sumatran Green Pigeon
12. Rusty-breasted Wren-babbler
13. Sumatran Babbler Pellorneum buettikoferi
14. Aceh Bulbul or Orrange Spotted Bulbul Pycnonotus bimaculatussnouckaerti (sub species of Sumatra).
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1. Information & Base data from Cicem Nanggroe (Aceh Birder & Birdwatcher) https://cicemnanggroe.wordpress.com/2013/04/09/aceh-birder-of-aceh-province-indonesia/
2. Bird Life International http://www.birdlife.org
3. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunung_Leuser_National_Park